World Health Organisation (WHO)

Rules prescribed in the document entitled "THE RIGHT TO HEALTHY INDOOR AIR", which was developed at a WHO workgroup meeting during 15-17 May 2000 in the Netherlands.

1. According to human right to health, everyone has a right to healthy indoor air.

2. According to the principle of respect for autonomy, everyone has a right to receive information about exposure to potentially harmful agents and to obtain effective controls over at least a part of contaminants emitted in rooms.

3. According to the non-maleficence ("do no harm") principle, no contamination should enter indoor air in a concentration that could cause unnecessary risk to an exposed user's health.

4. According to the beneficence ("doing good") principle, all people, groups and organisations related to buildings, both private and public use buildings, including government buildings, are responsible for giving instructions or work carried out to ensure acceptable air quality for users.

5. According to the social justice principle, socio-economic status of users should not affect their access to healthy indoor air, while people's health condition may determine special needs of a specific group of people.

6. According to the principle of accountability, all organisations interested in the issues at hand should set clear criteria to evaluate and estimate indoor air quality in a building and its impact on human health and on the outside environment.

7. According to the precautionary principle, wherever there is a risk of exposure to harmful indoor air, uncertainty should not be used as a cause to delay taking costly measurements to prevent such exposure.

8. According to the "polluter pays" principle, the polluter is responsible for any harm caused and/or any benefit derived as a result of exposing others to unhealthy indoor air. Furthermore, the polluter is responsible for migration and prevention of occurrence of contamination.

9. According to the sustainability principle, health and outside environment problems cannot be considered separately, and assurance of healthy indoor air should not compromise the global and local integrity of the environment or the rights of future generations.